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What is Linux hosting?
Linux is one of the most used open-source operating systems in the world. Created by Linus Torvalds in 1991, Linux runs under the General Public License (GPL). Despite being a freeware operating system, several entities develop distributions for it. Redhat, Slackware, Fedora, Ubuntu, and Centos are some examples of Linux distributions. As Linux is the most used operating system for servers, most popular OS among web hosting providers. Open source means the source code can be used, modified, and redistributed freely in both commercial and noncommercial capacities. Linux hosting is the most stable hosting solution for small and big websites. In this article, we will explain what is Linux hosting, and show a brief history of it.
Web hosting providers prefer this to the more restrictive Windows platform because it allows greater customization in server capabilities and user options.
- Linux is the most popular operating system due to its open-source platform. Open-source systems allow code to be modified and redistributed without restriction.
- Linux users often rely on cPanel to manage web development tasks. Although providers may include cPanel, it is a third-party application.
- Windows and Linux have many similar features and are compatible for most key tasks.
Few hosting services offer Windows-based hosting and those that do charge a higher monthly fee than Linux-based hosting. Historically, Windows has struggled as a hosting platform in terms of stability, but recent iterations of the product place it on a similar playing field to Linux.
Popular Linux hosting options
Linux hosting options are everywhere, so it’s difficult to distinguish the best provider. The best Linux hosting option depends on your specific needs. For instance, if you only need a small amount of bandwidth, you can choose a low-cost provider that has adjustable packages. Providers often consider web traffic, RAM and disk space for their pricing models.
These are a few Linux hosting options to consider when shopping for a new provider:
1.SiteGround: SiteGround is a solid choice for its diverse packages. If SiteGround doesn’t have the right package for your needs, the developers provide the option to create a custom hosting package from scratch. The company’s cheapest monthly package provides a lot for minimal cost – free daily backups, unlimited emails and databases, cPanel, SSL encryption, and HTTP/2-enabled servers. The company is also available 24/7 for technical support.
2. Hostinger: Hostinger is an economical hosting option for Linux designers and developers. The cheapest plan provides 10GB of storage and 100GB of bandwidth monthly. The cPanel interface is available through Hostinger, and there are numerous customization options. The company offers 24/7 live chat support.
3. InMotion: InMotion was created to accommodate those new to Linux Hosting. It bundles website builders, website migration, and daily backups into all its packages. Operating systems are customizable, with choices such as CentOS, Ubuntu, and Debian. Round-the-clock support options are available from InMotion.
Windows vs. Linux hosting
Comparing performance, stability, security, and ease of use won’t give you a clear indication of which platform is better. The real reason many web administrators pick Linux as a hosting platform is the type of files and functions they expect to use. If a website uses ASP, .NET, Microsoft Access or Microsoft SQL Server files, its hosting will need to be based on the Windows platform.
All other file types – PHP, Perl, WordPress, MySQL, etc. – run much more easily on a Linux-based web host. These files still run on a Windows web host, but the Linux platform is designed to work specifically with these data types.
Both platforms still use HTML files and read them in the same way, which means most standard websites will work without any difference in performance. The only difference in using Linux versus Windows is several file types, but when it comes to price, Linux is the most popular option among web hosting providers.
What is web hosting?
Whenever we have a website, we have to bring it online. For that, we need a web server. A web server is a big computer, with several hard drives and CPUs connected to the internet 24 hours a day. Such server is “sliced” into pieces, where each user has access to a part of it. The most used method to publish a website is FTP. In summary, the user connects to the web server using an FTP client. Then, it uploads its website files. These files become accessible on the internet, publicly or privately.
What is Linux hosting? Linux is one of the most stable operating systems, and most easy to maintain. It became more and more popular due to its configuration files, that are very accessible and easy to update. By the middle 90s, when there weren’t control panels, life was harder. Technicians had to access Linux servers by SSH, using an ASCII terminal to perform every maintenance.
Red Hat was the first popular Linux distribution used for web hosting by the 2000s. Linux hosting was still on its first steps. Afterwards, CentOS born from the Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution and is now the standard Linux distro for hosting servers. So what is Linux hosting? It’s a service, based in Linux servers, meant to host customers’ files. Such files may be publicly accessible on the internet, or else, held privately. It’s an option to protect files with passwords if necessary.
Shared hosting with Linux
Actually, shared hosting is the cheapest kind of web hosting available. In this method, there is a control panel where the user can perform all the daily operations easier. For example, create one email account, create an SSL certificate or install WordPress. There are tasks that we take minutes to perform, by using a control panel like cPanel or DirectAdmin.
What is Linux hosting advantages over Windows hosting
Windows hosting is often based on IIS (Internet Information Services). It manages the HTTP server, DNS Server, and Email IMAP, SMTP, and POP Services. It became popular with the Plesk and Ensim control panels. Windows-based web hosting servers have higher costs, as there is an operating system license cost.
Also, despite the fact that Windows has a friendlier user interface, it’s harder to maintain if compared to Linux. Log files are easier to understand in Linux than in Windows.
Linux Hosting can run several web servers, like Apache and NGINX. Its mail servers can be Postfix, Qmail or Exim. Linux web hosting became more popular with cPanel. Nowadays there are many other great and stable control panels for Linux, like DirectAdmin.
In conclusion, Linux hosting is cheaper, faster, and much more stable. If you are looking for an easier way to host your files, now you know what is Linux hosting and why it will save you time and effort.